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Water research school

Lund University

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Wastewater

This course consists of two parts. The physical meeting for part 1 will be held in Lund January 28-30, 2019. For the second part, the physical meeting will be held March 12 in MDH, Västerås, March 13 in KTH, Stockholm, and March 14 in SLU, Uppsala.

Part 1

Lund; 28-30 January 2019.

This is an advanced course in urban wastewater treatment which is good for PhD students that would like to get an overview of wastewater treatment technologies of today and of the future.

 

Course aim:

At the end of the course the student should be able to:

• Know about resources in waste water and how to utilize them.

• Know about new advanced processes for wastewater treatment.

• Know about advances in sludge treatment and handling of emerging problems.

• Evaluate energy demand and carbon footprint for a waste water treatment plant.

• Make a mass balance of nitrogen for a wastewater treatment plant.

 

Schedule and course content:

DAY 1 (Monday 28th of January 2019)

09.30-10.00       Coffee and registration

Introduction

10.00-10.30       Presentation of the course and the participants (KJ)

10.30-11.30       Basis for the wastewater systems we have today. Current driving forces. Visions and strategies for wastewater treatment. Introduction to homework. (KJ)

 

11.30-12.30       Lunch

Resources in wastewater

12.30 -14.00      Potentials in wastewater treatment - Energy, organics, N, P, heat, metals (JKA)

14.00-16.00       Energy producing wastewater treatment (incl. coffee break & discussion exercise) (JKA)

16.00-16.30       Phosphorus removal processes and recovery. New phosphorus outlet demand and need for polishing. Sludge incineration. (KJ)

16.30-17.00       Carbon utilization and hydrolysis (KJ)

17.00-17.30       Summary of discussion exercise (KJ/JKA)

19.00 Dinner

 

DAY 2 (Tuesday 29th of January 2019)

New advanced processes for wastewater treatment

08.30-09.30       New nitrogen removal processes - nitritation, denitritation, anammox. New nitrogen outlet demands. Advanced reject water treatment (more on anammox in Part II). (JMB)

09.30- 11.00      Biofilm processes: MBBR, Aerobic Granular Sludge, MABR (more on MABR in Part II). Incl. Coffee break. (MP/EO))

11.00-11.30       Exercise: Nitrogen removal, carbon source and nitrogen mass balance. (MP)

11.30-12.30      Lunch

12.30-14.00         Simple tools for evaluation of carbon footprint from WWTP, including Exercise (ABS)

14.00-15.00       Application of new microbiological methods in wastewater treatment systems. (FP)

15.00-15.30       Coffee break

15.30-16.00       Bulking sludge control (KJ)

16.00-17.00       Separation technologies, incl. membranes, DMF, MBR (more on MBR in Part II) (MC)

 

DAY 3 (Wednesday 30th of January 2019)

Advances in sludge treatment and handling of emerging problems

08.30-09.30       Advanced control (DT)

09.30-11.00       Removal of micropollutants and microplastics from wastewater and sludge (incl. coffee break) (PF)

11.00-12.00       Anaerobic digestion (ÅD)

12.00-13.00       Lunch

13.00-14.00       New challenges, Climate change, New cities. Infiltration/Inflow. (HA)

14.00-15.00       Exercise and Coffee break

15.00-16.00       Eco-Shift – Holistic transformation towards environmental sustainability – Guest lecture by prof. Zaini Ujang, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (ZU)

16.00-16.15       Evaluation, Closing (KJ)

 

 

Realization:

The course is carried out as a distance course with 1 physical meeting over 3 days.

Lectures, exercises and discussions.

Individual written report (literature review).

 

Examination:

To pass the course, the student must:

Attend the physical course meeting.

Hand in notes from group discussions.

Hand in a written individual report on a topic chosen in dialogue with the teachers (literature review).

Do a peer review of two other students’ reports according to instructions given.

 

Course coordinators:

Karin Jönsson (KJ), Associate professor in Water and Environmetal Engineering at Lund university

Jeanette Agertved Madsen (JAM), Head of R&D at Envidan

 

Teachers:

Jacob Kragh Andersen (JKA)

Henrik Aspegren (HA)

Anna Bernstad Saraiva (ABS)

Jan-Michael Blume (JMB)

Michael Cimbritz (MC)

Åsa Davidsson (ÅD)

Per Falås (PF)

Elin Ossiansson (EO)

Frank Persson (FP)

Maria Piculell (MP)

Dines Thornberg (DT)

Zaini Ujang (ZU), Professor at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

 

Examiner:

Karin Jönsson (LTH)

 

Part 2

Part A: Wastewater treatment utilizing microalgae

Course aim:

At the end of the course you should be able to:

     Explain different process solutions for waste water treatment including microalgae

     Present micro algae bacteria interactions and micro algae characteristics and its influence on the waste water treatment process

     Present the influence of micro algae on the biogas production process

     Identify advantages, challenges and development needs for implementation of waste water treatment processes utilizing microalgae

     Make analysis of process performance based on existing data with focus on nutrient recovery, energy efficiency or CO2 emissions.

 

Course content:

This part of the course gives the fundamental knowledge on waste water treatment processes utilizing micro algae in the process.

 

Realization

This course is carried out as a distance course with one physical meeting. The meeting (1 day) is a series of lectures on the subject and an introduction to the examination task.

 

 

Part B:  Innovative technologies for wastewater and sludge treatment (KTH)

 

Course aim:

At the end of the course you should be able to:

·         Present and discuss new sustainable wastewater treatment technologies for nitrogen removal based on anammox process.

·         Identify advantages of application of membrane based solutions for wastewater treatment including MBR and MABR.

·         Determine conditions for energy positive wastewater treatment plants in future.

·         Present and discuss different technologies for application of phosphorus recovery at wastewater treatment plants.

 

Course content:

This part of the course gives the knowledge on innovative, advanced wastewater treatment processes and on technologies for resource recovery (energy and phosphorus) at wastewater treatment plants.

 

Realization

This course is carried out as a distance course with one physical meeting. The meeting (1 day) is a series of lectures on the subject and an introduction to the examination task. Moreover study visit is planned at research facility Hammarby Sjöstadsverket, where new processes are investigated in pilot scale.

 

Part C: Source-separated wastewater systems: Advantages, challenges and treatment technologies for resource recovery (SLU)

At the end of the course you should be able to:

·         Discuss composition and characteristics of different wastewater fractions to identify:

o   Their potentials for resource recovery (water, nutrients, organic matter), and

o   How they affect treatment requirements, including pathogen removal

·         Present and discuss different scenarios for application of nutrient recovery and source separated systems (centralized vs decentralized) and be able to:

o   Identify advantages, challenges and development needs

o   Discuss how source separated can be used to decrease environmental pollution (eutrophication, micro-pollutants and antibiotic resistance).

·         Present and discuss treatment technologies that are available for source-separated wastewater fractions, e.g. treatment of source-separated urine and feces, ammonia stripping, ammonia hygienisation, etc. 

·         Determine hygiene risks associated with reuse-oriented wastewater treatment technologies and suggest options for risk reduction 

·         Identify critical decision-making criteria that need to be taken into account when planning for and implementing resource recovery systems from wastewater

 

Course content:

This part of the course gives the fundamental knowledge on alternative wastewater treatment processes that focus on resource recovery.

 

Realization

This course is carried out as a distance course with one physical meeting. The meeting (1 day) is a series of lectures on the subject and an introduction to the examination task.

 

Examination

The course is examined by three examination tasks- one for each part described above.

Part A examination: Participation in group discussions and an individual task consisting of several subtasks including literature review and process/system analysis

Part B examination: Participation in the course meeting and group discussions. As individual task students prepare a written individual report based on literature review on chosen topic.

Part C examination: Participation in class discussions, fulfilment of individual task, including peer-review process. In the individual task, students will discuss how the information presented in part C can be applied within their own work. Each student will peer-review two other student’s work.

 

Course Teachers

Part A: Eva Thorin, Monica Odlare, Eva Nordlander, Sebastian Schwede, Patrik Klintenberg

Part B: Elzbieta Plaza, Erik Levlin, Jozef Trela

Part C: Sahar Dalahmeh, Björn Vinnerås, Annika Nordin, Jennifer McConville

 

Shedule

Waste Water - PART II (13-15 March 2019)

DAY 1 (Tuesday, 12th of March 2019)
Part IIA
Location: MDH, Västerås
9:30 -10:00 Introduction -presentation of the day and participants
10:00-10:30 Coffee
10:30-11:30  Lecture - Micro algae in waste water treatment
11:30-12:30 Lunch
12:30-13:30 Lecture - System perspectives on micro algae in waste water treatment
13:30-14:30 Exercise – based on above lectures
14:30-15:00 Coffee
15:00- 17:00 Lecture/s and exercise– Modelling and control
17:00-17:30 Introduction home exercise + Summary

19:00 Dinner


DAY 2 (Wednesday, 13th March 2019)
Part IIB
Location: KTH, Stockholm
9.30- 9.45 Presentation of participants (with coffee)
9.45 – 11.15 Anammox based wastewater treatment systems for N removal
(process reactions, conditions for stable process performance, reject water treatment, mainstream treatment, strategies for process control, input to global warming - N2O emissions)
11.15– 12.00 Application of membranes in wastewater treatment – MBR, MABR
(process principles, review of process configurations, removal efficiency, future perspectives)
12.00 -13.00 Lunch
13 -13.45 Resource recovery:  energy
(intensified biogas production, conditions for energy positive wastewater treatment in future)
13.45-14.30 Resource recovery: phosphorus
(review of technologies for P-recovery, advantages and disadvantages, future perspectives)
14.30 – 15.00 Home exercise - introduction
15.00 – travelling to Hammarby Sjostadsverket
15.45 - 17.00 Study visit at Hammarby Sjostadsverket

DAY 3 (Thursday 14th of March 2019)
Part IIC
Location: SLU Ultuna, Uppsala (room Biosfären, MVM house, Lennart Hjelms väg 9)
Source-separated wastewater systems: Advantages, challenges and treatment technologies for resource recovery
9:15-11:00 Wastewater fractions – How waste composition impacts design potential
11:15-12:00 Hygiene risks associated with reuse-oriented wastewater treatment
LUNCH
13:15 – 15:00 Systems and technologies for resource recovery from wastewater
15:15 – 17:00 Planning and implementing resource recovery systems